Concussion Signs and Symptoms

A concussion is one of the most common traumatic brain injuries (TBI) [1] that usually happens after an impact to the head, either a blow or bumps or violently shaking the head. A concussion usually affects brain function and has effects that may include temporary headaches, temporarily inability to concentrate, problems with memory balance and coordination.  The brain comprises small tissues and is protected by the skull; although the skull shields it, the brain can still be affected when there is a violent impact on the head.

Traumatic brain injuries like a concussion can cause injuries to the nerves, damage to the blood vessel, and bruising. Even though a concussion is considered a mild injury, its severity depends on how much impact was made to the head. In a case of which it causes a bruise or damage to the blood vessel, the brain will not function as it should. A more complicated concussion issue may affect the eyes and disturb one’s vision, cause one to lose equilibrium, and fall unconscious. The most common cause of concussion is falls. There are specific safety measures to abide by to reduce the risk of concussion.

There are also sure signs and symptoms of concussion. However, the signs and symptoms may not show up immediately. The concussion symptoms may last for just a few seconds, while some may linger for days, weeks, or even longer. The symptoms can be displayed in different forms, either physical, mental, or emotional; whatever way, it is essential for us to recognize the signs and symptoms to take the proper steps, and apply the right first aid to treat the injury.

Some of the signs and symptoms of concussion include:

Lack of Balance

Not being able to walk, stand or maintain a position is another prevalent sign of concussion. Most patients experience this symptom of concussion. Lack of balance happens when the traumatic brain injury affects and causes damage to the vestibular system [2]; it causes one to feel dizzy or a sudden feeling that you are spinning. If this happens, the brain may need to rely more on your eyesight.