Mediastinal Tumors: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and More

Description of a Mediastinal Tumor (Neoplasm)

Neoplasms are abnormal development of tissues. This development can be seen in any part of the body. They are also known as Tumors and can be related to cancer. Mediastinal tumours are found in the mediastinum. The mediastinum is located at the centre of the thoracic region. It is a landmark between the spinal column [1] and sternum (breastbone).

Mediastinal tumours mostly grow in any of the three parts of the mediastinum. These parts include the anterior (front), the middle, or the posterior (back). Age plays a significant role in determining the tumour’s location in the mediastinum. In children, the tumours are found behind the mediastinum and are non-malignant or non-cancerous. In older people, the tumours appear anterior to the mediastinum and are dangerous or cancerous.