Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-related disease that causes inflammation by attacking myelinated axons in the central nervous system. They damage the myelin and axon in different degrees and cause significant physical disabilities between the ages of 20-25 years in every 30% of patients. The most distinguishing factor of multiple sclerosis is its symptomatic episodes that happen weeks or years apart and occur in different anatomical positions.
Multiple sclerosis affects the brain and spinal cord, leading to a wide range of symptoms such as problems with seeing, leg or arm movement, sensation, and balance. It is a condition that exists for a lifetime. It is possible to treat this condition; however, the average prognosis of people with multiple sclerosis is reduced. Most physical disabilities in young adults are caused by multiple sclerosis.
There is presently no cure for MS in the medical world, but treatments can be given to patients to reduce the symptoms. These treatments include: