Sunburn is the term used to describe the damage caused by overexposure to UV rays from the sun or other sources, which includes a sun lamp or tanning bed. Sunburn can range from mild to severe.
Sunburn can lead to pain and burning, and according to this 2005 study, it can also elevate the risk of skin cancer, wrinkles, brown spots, and freckles. The skin may look swollen, possibly with blisters.
Fair or lighter skin typically becomes pink or red, but darker skin tones may get darker. The extent and seriousness of sunburn will depend on the person’s skin type and the kind of exposure to the sun.
This article will discuss the effects of sunburn, what to do if it occurs, when to visit your doctor and how it is prevented.
This 2005 study shows that in medical terms, sunburn involves inflammation resulting in erythema (a rash) and edema (swelling) due to the accumulation of fluids. It also involves alterations in skin cells. It causes the development of sunburn cells, which can get cancerous, and a reduction of mast cells, which play a vital role in the immune system.