Stomach Ulcer (Peptic Ulcer): Symptoms and Causes

Stomach ulcers, otherwise called peptic ulcers, are painful and open sores on the lining of that surrounds gastrointestinal organs. It occurs when the protective vessels surrounding the abdomen is weakened, and acids get into the stomach. There are three types [1] of peptic ulcers:

  • Duodenal – sore in the small intestine
  • Esophageal – sore in the esophagus
  • Gastric – sore in the stomach

Recommended treatments for ulcers are acid-reducing drugs like antacids, proton pump inhibitors, and antibiotics. This condition can occur at any age and to both genders at the same rate. If treated, the stomach usually takes months [2] to heal completely; however, there is a high chance of recurrence if the bacteria responsible for the infection is not eradicated.

Generally, peptic or stomach ulcer has a low mortality rate; however, complications may include bleeding, and patients begin to lose high amounts of blood rapidly, and this is one of the leading cause of death in PUD patient.

Here are some of the symptoms associated with peptic ulcer:

Symptoms

Burning Pain
Patients with peptic ulcers have high complaints of burning
pain [3] in the abdomen, usually triggered by an empty stomach or eating late at night. Burning pain in the center of your stomach, between the chest and navel, suggests the likelihood that you have a sore. Doctors recommend acid-reducing drugs such as antacids to relieve the pain; however, it is a recurring symptom.
Bloating
Bloating is when the stomach gives a false sense of
fullness [4] caused by excess gas or hindrances in the digestive tract. It is an uncomfortable feeling and may cause flatulence. Peptic ulcers may cause blockage in food passage during digestion, causing appetite reduction and significant weight loss.
Heartburn
Heartburn is a burning sensation in the chest caused by acid
reflux [5] from the stomach to the esophagus. This sensation may run through your chest to your throat, with increased pressure if you lie down or bend over. You may get temporary relief from heartburn with acid-reducing medications like antacids.