Ulcerative Colitis Treatment Options

The treatment for colitis [1] can vary according to the cause of the colitis and can be done through the use of medications, such as anti-inflammatories and antibiotics, or changes in the diet, as this is a common factor in almost all types of colitis, a light diet should be followed to relieve inflammation of the intestine and reduce injuries.

Generally, ulcerative colitis is usually treated with two drugs: aminosalicylates (5-aminosalicylic acid, 5-ASA [2], active ingredient: mesalazine) and corticosteroids. In addition, in acute cases, fluid and electrolyte infusions are administered intravenously, and, if necessary, antibiotics. Traditional medicines used to treat ulcerative colitis often have serious side effects: changes in sugar and bone metabolism, cataracts, high blood pressure, and depression. To prevent such a decline in the quality of life, timely preventive therapy is needed, prescribed by a caring and experienced doctor.


Many people with digestive disorders can benefit from some alternative and complementary therapy. However, they cannot replace the use of traditional treatments. Some therapies used include:

Treatment aims to control inflammation, reduce symptoms, and replace any loss of fluids and nutrients. According to Humberto Saconato, in most cases, treatment is pharmacological and varies according to the severity of the disease.

Ulcerative colitis can be difficult to live with due to persistent diarrhea, comorbidities, and hospitalizations. Research has shown that psychotherapy helps patients cope better with illness and reduce pain. Psychologist-assisted stress reduction techniques, yoga or acupuncture, can help improve quality of life.