Type 1 Diabetes Pregnancy and Placental Insufficiency

What is type 1 diabetes?

This is a condition in which the immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells in the body. The cells are known as beta cells. Type 1 diabetes [1] is mostly found in infants and younger people. This condition can emerge at any age and presently does not have a particular cure. However, research has shown that if managed well, people can live normal life.

What is placental insufficiency?

A placental is an organ that grows in the womb along with the fetus, its main functions are to move nutrients to the baby, pass oxygen to the blood of the fetus, move carbon dioxide away and move waste to the blood of the mother for disposal.

A placental dysfunction is a rare condition in which the placenta gets damaged or does not develop the right way. This damage makes it difficult for the fetus to enjoy the benefits of this organ which can disrupt the proper growth of the child. Due to this condition, the child may be premature, may have disabilities, and can lead to death.

Diabetes in pregnant women can lead to an increase in blood pressure and blood sugar level. The placenta is an organ in the body and it is a known fact that diabetes attacks the organs of the body. The presence of this condition in a pregnant woman increases the risk of placental insufficiency. The various causes, symptoms, treatments, and precautions will be discussed extensively.