Avulsion Fracture: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

An avulsion fracture occurs when a tiny piece of bone attached to the ligament of tendon gets pulled away from the main part of the bone. Ligament is designed to hold your bones, organs and joints in place while tendons connect bones and muscles. Avulsion fracture is a situation where your bone moves one way and your tendon or ligament moves in the opposite direction with a broken piece of bone in tow. This is usually due to a sudden change in direction.

An avulsion fracture can happen to any bone that is connected to a ligament or tendon. Some of the bones that are at a greater risk of experiencing avulsion fracture include:

  • Knee bones
  • Bones in the elbow
  • Finger and wrist bones
  • Ankle and foot bones
  • Spine bones
  • Pelvis and hip bones

Are avulsion fractures serious? Is your injury serious enough to go to the emergency department? It can be difficult to know whether your injury requires urgent treatment or not. But any fracture is serious, including avulsion fractures. It is important that you go to the emergency department if you suspect a broken bone. Professional medical treatment helps with safe recovery and return to regular routine on time.

Who Is At Risk of Avulsion Fracture

People that are likely to have avulsion fractures are athletes and performers such as footballers, basketball players, ballet dancers, gymnasts and skiers. This is because their activities can involve a lot of sudden changes in direction, leaping and kicking.

However, avulsion fractures can happen to anyone that has injuries similar to sprains such as twisted ankles.

Avulsion fractures are painful injuries that make it difficult for one to perform activities they love to do or play their favorite sports. If you suspect that you are having mental or emotional health issues, talk to your healthcare provider. Treatment can help you get through the difficult period.