What Is Piriformis Syndrome?

Piriformis syndrome is a condition that occurs when inflammation arises and the piriformis muscle compresses the sciatic nerve. It may result in numbness or pain running down the back of your leg and into your buttocks. Either one or both of your body’s sides may be affected.

The flat, slender piriformis muscle is. It travels up your thighs from your lower spine through your butt. Your piriformis muscle, which spreads to both sides of your body, supports practically all lower body movements.

In most cases, the sciatic nerve passes through the piriformis. From your spinal cord, the nerve passes through your buttocks, down the back of each leg, and finally to your feet. It is the longest and largest nerve in your body.

Piriformis syndrome is not a very common condition. Scientists believe that piriformis syndrome is responsible for only about 0.3% to 6% of lower back pain.


Piriformis syndrome is a rare illness that can be challenging to identify. Physical therapy and moderate rest are typically sufficient treatments.

Your backside and legs should feel better before, during, and after your workout if you stay active but stretch before working out.