What Causes Cirrhosis of the Liver

The liver is one of the most important organs of the human body that purifies the blood from toxins. The organ also takes an active part in digestion, carbohydrate, lipid, and protein metabolism. It is not surprising that any malfunction of the liver negatively affects the whole body and the patient’s quality of life.

Liver cirrhosis [1] is the chronic and gradual inflammation of the liver, resulting in the formation of fibrosis, which is the hardening of the tissue and impairment in the development of the functions of this organ. This disease does not always cause symptoms, but it can lead to the onset of weight loss for no apparent reason, weakness, excessive tiredness, abdominal swelling, yellow skin, and eyes.

The causes of liver cirrhosis can be diverse, the most common of which are alcohol abuse, chronic viral hepatitis, autoimmune problems, and even the use of medications. It is necessary to consult a hepatologist for exams in order to verify exactly what led to the appearance of this disease.

Viral Hepatitis B and C

Recognized as a global health problem, Hepatitis B and C [2] is caused mainly by viruses and are transmitted through sexual contact or through the sharing of contaminated objects, such as needles, syringes, manicure pliers, devices for piercing and making tattoos. The two diseases can lead to chronic and acute infections, which is said to be the leading causes of liver cirrhosis. The symptoms of these types of hepatitis are similar and can be yellowish in the eyes, abdominal pain and swelling, vomiting, and weight loss without an apparent cause.

These types of infectious diseases affect the liver cells, and if left untreated, they can cause chronic inflammation in the liver and can thus lead to liver cirrhosis. The prevention of hepatitis is possible through the application of vaccines available at health centers, the use of disposable injection products, and the use of condoms.