Myelin Sheath Disorders: Types, Causes, Symptoms and More

Myelin is an insulating part of lipids and proteins that covers many of your nerves. It is a coating that causes several damages if it wears out. It affects the ability to send and receive electrical signals.

Any damage to myelin disrupts communication and function of nerves. It prevents you from performing daily tasks. In most cases, you will experience fatigue.

Inflammation is a common cause of damage to myelin. However, demyelination can be caused by other factors, such as:

  • Viral infections
  • Loss of oxygen
  • Physical compression
  • Metabolic problems

Disorders Types

There are two major classifications of demyelinating disease: demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS) and demyelinating disease of the peripheral nervous system (PNS).