Burning Throat: 7 Possible Causes and What To Do

A burning throat can be a sign of an allergy attack or another medical problem, such as acid reflux or a respiratory infection. The underlying reason and other symptoms may affect the course of treatment.

The majority of the time, throat burning or soreness is not a cause for alarm. Typically, a common infection like a cold or strep throat is what causes a sore throat. Rarely does this sign indicate a serious ailment.

A burning throat is typically accompanied by additional symptoms of a medical illness. Here are some of the possible causes of burning throat, what to do, and when to call your doctor.

Acid Reflux or GERD

Heartburn is a sign of acid reflux, which is when stomach acid backs up into the esophagus. It occurs when acid leaks through a muscle between your stomach and esophagus and enters your throat.

You may experience a burning sensation in the back of your neck and chest as well as a sour or bitter taste in your mouth and throat from the strong acid. These signs and symptoms can be light or severe.

Symptoms of Acid Reflux or GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the term used to describe acid reflux that is frequent or severe. [1]

Other symptoms of GERD include:

  • Chest pain
  • Tasting a sour liquid in the back of your throat
  • Coughing
  • Chest pain
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Hoarse voice
  • Feeling like good is stock in your throat

Your symptoms may get worse after a big meal or when you lie down in bed at night.

What to Do

There are certain treatment that can help ease the symptoms of acid reflux and GERD:

  • H2 blockers
  • Antacids
  • Prescription medication
  • Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) [2]
  • Surgery and other procedures

Certain lifestyle changes may also help, including sleep adjustment, dietary modification, weight management, and stopping smoking.