Endometriosis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment


Endometrial is a popular medical condition that affects the daily activities of women. It is a condition that occurs when tissues that have similar characteristics to the lining of your uterus grow in other areas of your body including your pelvis and abdomen. It can lead to heavy and painful periods and fertility disorders. When tissues similar to the lining of your uterus grow in the wrong areas, you may start to feel uncomfortable symptoms that can disrupt your daily activities. In some cases, endometriosis may affect your ability to get pregnant.

The endometrium forms the inner lining of your uterus that is shed during menstruation. They are layers of tissue that accumulate inside the uterus. They shed from the walls of your uterus and leave your body anytime you menstruate. They also provide support during the early stages of pregnancy. Endometriosis causes tissues similar to the ones that form the endometrium to grow into other structures or organs. This tissue can grow into your pelvis, abdomen, and in rare cases your chest. Since it is highly sensitive to hormonal changes, it usually becomes inflamed during your menstrual cycle.

These regions of endometrial-like tissue can lead to adhesions (tissues that join organs together), deeper nodules, superficial lesions, and scar tissue within your body.

Endometriosis is commonly found in the following areas:

  • Rectum
  • Outside and back of your uterus
  • Fallopian tubes
  • Peritoneum (the lining of your abdomen and pelvis)
  • Ovaries
  • Bladder and ureters
  • Vagina
  • Intestines
  • Diaphragm (a muscle beneath your chest that helps you breathe)

Endometriosis can lead to pain in different areas of your body, fertility problems, and abnormal changes to your menstrual cycle. Its symptoms can be managed with proper treatment. According to research, it mostly affects people older than 25 and younger than 40. Although rare, it can also occur in teenagers. The symptoms of the condition become less severe after menopause.