Ascites: What It Is, Causes, Appearance, Treatment

What are ascites?

Ascites is a medical condition that occurs when your liver loses its ability to function properly. This will lead to the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal area. The condition is usually diagnosed when over 25 milliliters (mL) of fluid accumulates inside the abdomen. When the liver stops working properly, fluids build up in the space between the abdominal lining and the organs.

According to 2010 clinical guidelines released in the Journal of Hepatology, ascites is the most common complication of cirrhosis, a condition characterized by scarring in the liver. Studies show that ascites occur in about 60% of people with cirrhosis within 10 years after they have been diagnosed, and the 2-year survival chance is 50 percent.

Over the years, ascites have become one of the most common and severe liver disorders. This article will discuss its causes, appearance, treatment and other important things to note about the condition.