Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease, and it is one of the most popular types of arthritis . It is also called OA., characterized by inflammation in the joints , they can occur in any joint, but they are primarily seen in the joints in the hands, knees and hips. Protective Cartilages within joints degenerate, the composition and structure constituting the joints begin to change. Complete eradication of osteoarthritis is impossible. However, treatments can be given to reduce the degeneration or wearing of the cartilages that serve as cushions in the joints.
The cartilage is present in joints to decrease the effects of friction in joints and help in absorbing shock because of its ability to alter shape when pressed; in osteoarthritis, the cartilage is stiff, and its ability to change shape deteriorates or is wholly lost; it eventually becomes to tear and wear off in certain regions, reducing its ability to act as a shock absorber.
So many factors are responsible for osteoarthritis; this is so important because the kind of treatment given to a patient with this kind of arthritis is highly dependent on the causes. The causes of osteoarthritis are:
Osteoarthritis is one of the many age-related disorders; as we grow other, a natural weakening of bones and joints due to change in joint tissues accompanied with other body changes such as; development of advanced glycation of final products that deteriorate the physical characteristics of tissues in the joint. People older than 40 are most likely to have osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis due to aging can be improved by regular exercise, a healthy diet and regular checkups.