What Is Polio?
Polio, also called poliomyelitis, is a highly contagious disease that occurs when a virus attacks the nervous system. It is more common in children younger than 5 years old. Various studies done by the World Health Organization reveal that 1 in 200 polio infections will develop into permanent paralysis. Asides from permanent paralysis, the condition can result in several health complications if it is not treated on time. The global polio eradication initiative in 1988 ensured that the following countries were polio-free:
- Western Pacific
- Southeast Asia
The polio vaccine was created in 1953 and made available in 1957, the polio vaccine is the major reason why cases of polio have reduced in the United States. However, the condition is still popular in some countries, such as Nigeria, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. A world free from polio will improve the economy and healthcare of every country. Studies have also shown that eradicating poverty will save at least $40-50 billion over the next 20 years.
Polio continues to be one of the most popular viral diseases in the world. Prevention is usually the best cure. However, several treatment methods have proven to be effective in curbing the condition. Let’s take a look at some treatment options for polio.