The Treatment Options for Asthma

Bronchial asthma these days occurs quite often among residents of megacities, where the concentration of harmful substances in the air is quite high. Another reason for the spread of this disease is an unbalanced diet of people, the use of canned products, trans fats, dyes, and other allergens.

What are the options of treatment for people with asthma?

Drug Therapy

Therapy of bronchial asthma with drugs [1] involves taking basic and symptomatic complexes of drugs. The basic course is aimed at the mechanism of the disease, and to control the course of the disease itself, while symptomatic therapy is the treatment and prevention of exacerbation of bronchial asthma.

The drugs of the basic course include:

  • Cromones.
  • Mono channel antibodies.
  • Theoophylile [2]
  • ASIT (allergen-specific immunotherapy).
  • Leukotriene receptor antagonists.
  • Glucocorticosteroids

To prevent attacks of bronchial asthma, the following medications are used for symptomatic therapy:

  • Short-acting beta-adrenergic agonists – effectively relieve asthmatic attacks with fewer side effects.
  • Long-acting beta-agonists are drugs that, in addition to relieving symptoms, reduce the frequency of attacks.
  • Xanthines – are used for emergency relief of the patient’s condition, as well as enhancing the action of the above means.
  • Inhalers [3] allow you to minimize acute asthmatic attacks, with the help of which the medicine enters the body faster and begins to act.

Also, the prevention of attacks of bronchial asthma includes the use of additional drugs, such as antibacterial agents and expectorant drugs.